Only one in every 10,000 diamonds possesses natural colour. In mineralogy Diamonds are essentially carbon atoms which are arranged in a diamond or crystalline lattice. This unique formation of atoms does not absorb light, which results in the colourless appearance characteristic of a pure diamond.
From left: Argyle
"Allure" & "Heloise"
Red and Pink Diamonds however, are beyond rare. For many years, their unique colour was a complete mystery as trace elements have never been found in them. Research now shows that the colour is caused by a distortion in the diamond's crystalline lattice. This distortion displaces many carbon atoms from their normal positions and alters the qualities of light that is reflected by the diamond resulting in the pink and red colouration.
The Australian Argyle Diamond Mine produces 95% of the worlds Pink Diamonds and it has been said that for every one million carats of diamond produced at the Mine, only one carat will be of a high pink colour. The life of the mine itself is also drawing to an end with diamond production estimated around 2020. It is for these reasons that Pink and Red Diamonds are so rare and in turn, so expensive.
All diamonds, regardless of colour, have a relatively high optical dispersion (ability to disperse light of different colours), which results in its bright sparkle. Excellent optical and mechanical properties, especially their unparalleled hardness and durability, make the diamond the most popular gemstone for engagement rings.
The Argyle Diamond Mine has colour guides available to indicate the various diamond hues that are found in the mine. From light Champanes to rich Cognac, Pink Rose`to Purplish Pinks, Violets and Blues... their hues are absolutely unique to Australia and their individuality is unsurpassed.
Each and every Argyle Diamond is unique... and so, the colour chart is only a representation of a range of colour - each diamond found will have a colour variation within its own category.
Argyle Pink Jubilee: The largest Pink Diamond found in Australia. Originally 12.76ct, While being cut, the diamond was found to have "one major internal fault line that could not be overcome." Only roughly formed an d polished to 8.01ct. The diamond was donated to the Melbourne Museum